|Vidyapatidham being the Nirvan Bhoomi of great poet, devotee and philosopher of Mahakavi Vidyapati, it is having not only the religious importance but also the land of inspiration for litterateurs, diplomats and all the intellectuals. Vidyapati was an ardent devotee of both Shiva and Shakti. In his compositions he has described Durga, Kali, Bhairavi, Ganga, Gauri etc. as Shakti. When Vidyapati became ill after becoming very old, he called his sons and family and gave this order:”Now I want to renounce this body. I wish that I could touch the Ganges water on the banks of the Ganges and take the last breath of my long life. So, you guys should be ready to make me gain Ganga. Calling Kaharia on it Sit down and take us to Gangat today. Now the family members obeyed the command of the Mahakavi and summoned four kaharis to put the corpse’s corpse in a palanquin and go to the Ganga Ghat Ganga labha – carrying the Kahariya palanke forward and backward. Walking through the night, when the sunrise occurred and they reached Mow-Bazidpur (Now known as Vidyapatinagar/Vidyapatdham) of Smastipur District Vidyapati asked: “Brother, tell me how far the Ganges is and how far?””Thakurji, close to quarter to two Kos.” The evils responded. At this, a great poet filled himself with confidence: “Stop my palanquin here. Ganga will come here.””Thakurji, this is not possible. Ganga is flowing at a distance of about a quarter to two kos. How will it come here? You must be patient.” Within an hour we will reach the Ghat. “”No-no, stop the palanquin” Mahakavi said, “We don’t need to go any further. The Ganges will come here. If a son is coming from so far away with a dead body to see his mother at the last moment of life Can not Ganga Maa Paune Do Kos come to meet her son? Ganga will come and will definitely come. “Saying this, the great poet sat down in the meditation. Within fifteen to twenty minutes, the Ganges reached there with the flow of its rising stream. Everybody was surprised. Mahakavi first bowed to Ganga with both hands, then entered the water and composed the following song:
|बड़ सुखसार पाओल तुअ तीरे।
छोड़इत निकट नयन बह नीरे।।
करनोरि बिलमओ बिमल तरंगे।
पुनि दरसन होए पुनमति गंगे।।
एक अपराध घमब मोर जानी।
परमल माए पाए तुम पानी।।
कि करब जप-तप जोग-धेआने।
जनम कृतारथ एकहि सनाने।।
भनई विद्यापति समदजों तोही।
अन्तकाल जनु बिसरह मोही।।
Vidyapati (c. 1352 – 1448), also known by the sobriquet Maithil KaviKokil (the poet cuckoo of Maithili), was a Maithili and Sanskrit poet, writer and polyglot. Vidyapati’s influence was not just restricted to Maithili and Sanskrit literature but also extended to other Eastern literary traditions. The language at the time of Vidyapati, the Prakrit-derived late Abahatta. Thus, Vidyapati’s influence on making these languages has been described as “analogous to that of Dante in Italy and Chaucer in England”.
Udyanacharya Dih Karian
The ancient ruins of Udyanacharya Dih is located at Karian village Shivajinagar Samastipur. In the tenth century Udayannacharya defeated Buddhists many times in the scriptures. The geographical, spiritual and cultural surroundings of Udayanacharya Dih Karian is very important. Books written by Udayanacharya –atmatatw (Self-righteousness), Videh etc. not only contains historical characteristic of Rosera, but also the important facts of the then world and nation.
There are 15 Kabir monasteries in entire India out of which 02 located in Kabir Math Rosera. During his visit, Kabir arrived in Rosera and in his memory, his disciples established both Kabir monasteries.
In eastern region of U.R college, Rosera Baba’s Mazar of 13th-14th century Muslim Fakir is located and right next to him his Hindu disciple Tomb is also located , where the people of both religions gather in large numbers for worship.
This place is situated 4 kms north of Nayanagar station of Samastipur-Khagaria railway line and is surrounded by high clay terrain in about 2.5 square km area. From here the Maurya era earth statues, Gupta era golden mudras, Pal era stone sculptures have been found, which is available in the Kumar Museum, Hasanpur (Samastipur), Chandraderee Museum, Darbhanga and Personal Collections at Devdha and Rosera. It is said that this Mauryan citadel is interrelated with Jaymanglagarh (Begusarai) but it is deprived of archaeological excavation. This place also has a Lord Shiva temple which is situated at graveyard. The small stone statue of Bhairav compiled from here and Trishul stamped copper mudras are preserved in Kumar Museum.
It is a beautiful village which is eight km north from Singiya Block of the district. Here all houses and footsteps are full of antiquity. From here, a huge Shivalinga, Makarmukhi Jaldhari, sixhanded Bhagwati Tara, Buddhist goddess Tara sitting in Lalitasan ,Gupt era bricks,ornate door pillar etc. are found which is very important in terms of Indian art (Darsaniya Mithila -Satya Na. Jha Satyarthi, Part-8, Laheriyasarai, Darbhanga, 2002.).
At Darbhanga-Samastipur road Simaria Bhindi village is situated on mound and is 25 K.M. south east of darbhanga district and 5 K.M. away from Mirzapur Chauk. Few important sculptures found from here are Mahishasur Mardini (48 × 30 cm) made of black stone,Umameshwar (44 × 20) in Lalitasan ,damaged stone statue of Lord Sun etc. besides this an old well, deer skeleton, mill etc. has also been found.. Mahishasur Mardini idol of Goddess Bhagwati of Pal era founded from here is established in Bhagwati Temple where as the stone statue of the Lord Sun is placed in the root of the tree. This village is considered as God village and comes under Kalyanpur Block Samastipur (Darsaniya Mithila Part-2, Satyarthi, Laheriyasarai, Darbhanga, 2001).
Thirteen Bhupates of the Dronwar dynasty who gave historicity to Narahan developed it as a capital city. Rajmahal Temple, Pushkarini, Bridges etc. created by Narhan State proves this. In the State, many things of history and archeology have been carried out in Varanashi, the rest is facing anonymity. In Chakbadelia village of this region the statue of the Sun (two feet long), Shivaling and Nandi sculptures are installed in at pal era temple. In kewas village (at Samastipur to Rosera road) a fragmented Karnataka era stone statue of Mahishasurmardini is found, which has been kept there along with other antiquities.
Kumar Museum, Hasanpur (Samastipur)
This museum was founded in 1958 by Dr. Maun, and has a rich collection of antiquities and artistic materials of Mangalgarh, Pand, Bharwadi, Kumran, Checher (Vaishali), Srinagargarh (Saharsa), Chandi (Eastern Champaran), Morang (Nepal) etc. Here ancient antiquities and metal statues, monuments, historical coins, earthen pots, ancient manuscripts, bead, medieval weapon, mithila folk painting, old handicraft samples, Mughal era wallets, farman etc. have increased its dignity. This museum is registered by the state government and should be developed as a district museum.
Pandav banam. Pandavgarh
Pandav banam Pandavgarh.is a legendary and historical archaeological site located on the Samastipur-Barauni railroad and at a distance of 10 km south-west of Dalasinhasarai railway station. From today onwards, twenty five years ago sculptures of monk found from here (truth of Pandav place, Aryavarta, Patna). This place mounds wall are made up of of ancient Kushan bricks (2’x1’x3 ‘). This place is surrounded by chairo all around. Antiquities extracted from archaeological excavation for many years by Kashi Pra. Jaiswal Research Institute, Patna, are mainly predominantly Kushanakalin era. From antiquities present here this center is more likely to be a commercial hub rather a king fort.’ Although people connects this place with the Pandavas and the Laakchhagrih context. Preparation of excavation report is underway in the research institute. In the excavation, it is said to be a Buddhist
gahinagar (Cultural history of Samastipur – Ramchandra Paswan, Samastipur). Archaeological excavation has occurred in the area of 750×400 meters and from evacuation it has been found that this place has been developed during six periods of cultural phase from Navpasaan era to Gupt era. Kaushan era copper coins, nail-thorns, bead,community chulhas etc. have been found. from here. All things found from here are preserved in the Kumar Museum, Hasanpur, Begusarai and Patna.